Clean Water Act

Public concerns about water pollution led to the Federal Water Pollution Control Act Amendments of 1972. In 1977, this act was further amended and became known as the Clean Water Act (CWA).

The Clean Water Act allows for the regulation of pollutant discharges into the waters of the United States. It directs EPA to set up pollution control programs, which include wastewater standards for industry and permit programs. All contaminants in surface waters are also regulated under the CWA.

The CWA also funds the Clean Water State Revolving Fund, also known as the State Water Pollution Control Revolving Fund, which provides grants to municipalities for improving and constructing wastewater facilities. The CWA aims to restore and maintain the condition of U.S. waterways so that they are able to support fish, shellfish, and wildlife.

Click here for the full text of the Clean Water Act.

For more information on the Safe Drinking Water Act, which addresses drinking water quality, click here.

To check on current legislation that affects water and wastewater systems, see our Legislation Watch.

VRWA also offers Source Water Protection Planning at no charge to the system or community.